Volume 22:

The Inca Trail and its impact on community-based tourism

12 Jun 2021, 11:00 CST

The Inca Trail (Qhapac Ñan in Quechua) with an extension of more than 30,000 kilometers, is considered the most extensive network of roads in pre-Columbian America. It was built to control the Inca empire and crosses six countries: Argentina, Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Colombia. It was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in June 2014. There are sections still in use by the local population and others of great touristic interest. Throughout the region, many community-based and rural tourism organizations are established. In this webinar, various perspectives on the impact of Inca engineering on the surrounding communities, with applicable sustainability practices for community engagement discussed.

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Monica_Alatorre 1
Monica Alatorre ​​ -  Moderator

Monica Alatorre

Mónica M. Alatorre, MHM. Dean School of Hospitality and Tourism UDLA, Ecuador. Associate Professor Services Marketing and Customer Experience Management. Master’s in hospitality management, Cornell University. B.S.in Business Administration, I.T.E.S.M. – Mexico. Diploma in Tourism, University of Wisconsin – Stout. Consultant in service quality and marketing for numerous institutions and companies. Member of the BOD of Tourcert, Casa Gangotena, Mashpi Lodge and Fundación Sembrar. Marketing and Sales Director The Exotic Blends Co., Marketing Manager Kraft General Foods Ecuador, Assistant Brand Manager at Procter & Gamble Mexico.

Clara Lnes
Clara Ines Sanchez -  Panelist

Clara Ines Sanchez

Colombia: Universidad Externado de Colombia, Clara Inés Sánchez, PhD

Lecturer and researcher at the Universidad Externado de Colombia where she obtained her degrees in business administration, tourism and hospitality, and PhD in political studies. Between 2007 and 2015 she served as director of quality and sustainable tourism development for the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism of Colombia, where she also acted as Interim vice minister of tourism. Member and delegate of the National Council of Cultural Heritage.  Member of the Icomos Colombia Staff.

Yurany Guancha
Yurany Guancha - Panelist

Yurany Guancha

Los Pastos Travel – Guachucal, Yurani Guancha

Indigenous Tourism Manager, her role is to design and manage indigenous tourism products. Yurani is a native of Los Pastos, she lives in the Municipality of Guachucal within the Indigenous Reservation, where they have been working in the management of community tourism in the Indigenous Reservations through the Foundation for Sustainable Development (Fudetes). They have recently established a Community Tourism Operator: Pastos Travel.

Felipe Varela
Felipe Varela - Panelist

Felipe Varela

Peru: CENFOTUR, Felipe Varela Travesí
Researcher of Prehispanic roads and rural development. Community Tourism Consultant, Cultural Manager. Ancestral path researcher. For 25 years Felipe has traveled and conducted researched about the QHAPAQ ÑAN in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Bolivia. He is the Manager for the “QHAPAQ ÑAN in Cajamarca” project. He has consolidated the annual QHAPAQ RAYMI pilgrimage during the summer solstice by integrating the Pariacaca snow-capped mountain APU with the sea with the participation of municipalities, communities, and local enterprises.

María Chimborazo
María Chimborazo - Panelist

María Chimborazo

Ecuador: Centro de Turismo Comunitario Sisid Anejo – Ingapirca, María Chimborazo.

María Chimborazo is a Cañarí Kichwa woman, with a bachelor’s degree in Tourism Management and a diploma in Social Anthropology. Secretary of the Sisid Anejo Community Tourism Center, located in the Sisid community in Ingapirca, the archaeological capital of Ecuador, where the Inca and Cañari cultures converge.

Brendali Carrillo
Brendali Carrillo - Panelist

Brendali Carrillo

Peru: Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Brendali Carrillo, PhD

Brendali Carrillo obtained her Master of Science in Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management degree from North Carolina State University. She is a Faculty Member at the School of Hospitality and Tourism Management of Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas in Peru. She has more than 10 years of experience in the tourism industry, both in the public and private sectors. Her research seeks to enhance the socio-cultural impacts of tourism development.

Sandra Nazar1
Sandra Nazar - Panlist

Sandra Nazar

Argentina: Red de Turismo de Jujuy – Jujuy, Sandra Nazar

Lawyer. National University of Tucumán. Faculty of Law and Social Sciences.

Post Graduate Studies in Government and Social Management; Management of Public Policies. She currently works as Provincial Director of Tourism, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Government of Jujuy.

The Inca Trail and its impact on community-based tourism


  • Welcome remarks

    Jafar Jafari and Kazem Vafadari

  • Presentations by speakers/panelists


  • María Chimborazo

  • Clara Ines Sanchez

  • Yurany Guancha

  • Sandra Nazar

  • Brendali Carrillo

  • Felipe Varela

  • Cultural break

  • Discussion and Q/A

  • Conclusion



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